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Tag Archives: topology
From Euler Characteristics to Cohomology (II)
Boundary Maps Here’s a brief recap of the previous article: we learnt that in refining a cell decomposition of an object M, we can, at each step, pick an idimensional cell and divide it in two. In this way, we … Continue reading
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Tagged advanced, betti numbers, cell complexes, cellular homology, euler characteristics, homology, simplicial complexes, topology
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From Euler Characteristics to Cohomology (I)
[ Warning: this is primarily an expository article, so the proofs are not airtight, but they should be sufficiently convincing. ] The five platonic solids were wellknown among the ancient Greeks (V, E, F denote the number of vertices, edges and faces respectively): … Continue reading
Topology: More on Algebra and Topology
We’ve arrived at the domain where topology meets algebra. Thus we have to proceed carefully to ensure that the topology of our algebraic constructions are wellbehaved. Let’s look at topological groups again. Our first task is to show that the … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged algebra, connected spaces, groups, isomorphism theorems, open maps, orthogonal groups, quotient topology, rings, topology
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Topology: Quotients of Topological Groups
Topology for Coset Space This is really a continuation from the previous article. Let G be a topological group and H a subgroup of G. The collection of left cosets G/H is then given the quotient topology. This quotient space, however, satisfies an additional … Continue reading
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Tagged advanced, group quotients, open maps, quotient topology, topological groups, topology, universal properties
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Topology: Quotient Topology and Gluing
In topology, there’s the concept of gluing points or subspaces together. For example, take the closed interval X = [0, 1] and glue the endpoints 0 and 1 together. Pictorially, we get: That looks like a circle, but to prove it’s … Continue reading
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Tagged advanced, gluing, klein bottle, mobius strip, quotient topology, topological groups, topology, universal properties
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Topology: Topological Groups
This article assumes you know some basic group theory. The motivation here is to consider groups whose underlying operations are continuous with respect to its topology. Definition. A topological group G is a group with an underlying topology such that: the … Continue reading
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Tagged advanced, compact sets, connected components, groups, homeomorphisms, separation axioms, topological groups, topology
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Topology: Separation Axioms
Motivation The separation axioms attempt to answer the following. Question. Given a topological space X, how far is it from being metrisable? We had a hint earlier: all metric spaces are Hausdorff, i.e. distinct points can be separated by two … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, Hausdorff, metrisable topology, normal, regular, separation axioms, T1, T2, T3, T4, topology, urysohn's lemma, urysohn's metrisation theorem
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