Tag Archives: topology

Commutative Algebra 13

Zariski Topology for Rings In this article, we generalize earlier results in algebraic geometry to apply to general rings. Recall that points on an affine variety V correspond to maximal ideals . For general rings, we have to switch to … Continue reading

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Commutative Algebra 5

Morphisms in Algebraic Geometry Next we study the “nice” functions between closed subspaces of . Definition. Suppose and are closed subsets. A morphism is a function which can be expressed as: for some polynomials . We also say f is a regular … Continue reading

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Commutative Algebra 3

Algebraic Geometry Concepts We have decided to introduce, at this early point, some basics of algebraic geometry in order to motivate the later concepts. In summary, algebraic geometry studies solutions to polynomial equations over a field. First we consider a … Continue reading

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From Euler Characteristics to Cohomology (II)

Boundary Maps Here’s a brief recap of the previous article: we learnt that in refining a cell decomposition of an object M, we can, at each step, pick an i-dimensional cell and divide it in two. In this way, we … Continue reading

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From Euler Characteristics to Cohomology (I)

[ Warning: this is primarily an expository article, so the proofs are not airtight, but they should be sufficiently convincing. ] The five platonic solids were well-known among the ancient Greeks (V, E, F denote the number of vertices, edges and faces respectively): … Continue reading

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Topology: More on Algebra and Topology

We’ve arrived at the domain where topology meets algebra. Thus we have to proceed carefully to ensure that the topology of our algebraic constructions are well-behaved. Let’s look at topological groups again. Our first task is to show that the … Continue reading

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Topology: Quotients of Topological Groups

Topology for Coset Space This is really a continuation from the previous article. Let G be a topological group and H a subgroup of G. The collection of left cosets G/H is then given the quotient topology. This quotient space, however, satisfies an additional … Continue reading

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Topology: Quotient Topology and Gluing

In topology, there’s the concept of gluing points or subspaces together. For example, take the closed interval X = [0, 1] and glue the endpoints 0 and 1 together. Pictorially, we get: That looks like a circle, but to prove it’s … Continue reading

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Topology: Topological Groups

This article assumes you know some basic group theory. The motivation here is to consider groups whose underlying operations are continuous with respect to its topology. Definition. A topological group G is a group with an underlying topology such that: the … Continue reading

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Topology: Separation Axioms

Motivation The separation axioms attempt to answer the following. Question. Given a topological space X, how far is it from being metrisable? We had a hint earlier: all metric spaces are Hausdorff, i.e. distinct points can be separated by two … Continue reading

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