Tag Archives: homomorphism

Commutative Algebra 13

Zariski Topology for Rings In this article, we generalize earlier results in algebraic geometry to apply to general rings. Recall that points on an affine variety V correspond to maximal ideals . For general rings, we have to switch to … Continue reading

Posted in Advanced Algebra | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Commutative Algebra 10

Algebras Over a Ring Let A be any ring; we would like to look at A-modules with a compatible ring structure. Definition. An –algebra is an -module , together with a multiplication operator such that becomes a commutative ring (with 1); multiplication … Continue reading

Posted in Advanced Algebra | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Commutative Algebra 8

Generated Submodule Since the intersection of an arbitrary family of submodules of M is a submodule, we have the concept of a submodule generated by a subset. Definition. Given any subset , let denote the set of all submodules of M containing … Continue reading

Posted in Advanced Algebra | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Elementary Module Theory (III): Approaching Linear Algebra

The Hom Group Continuing from the previous installation, here’s another way of writing the universal properties for direct sums and products. Let Hom(M, N) be the set of all module homomorphisms M → N; then: (*) for any R-module N. In the case where there’re finitely … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Elementary Module Theory (II)

Having defined submodules, let’s proceed to quotient modules. Unlike the case of groups and rings, any submodule can give a quotient module without any additional condition imposed. Definition. Let N be a submodule of M. By definition, it’s an additive … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Introduction to Ring Theory (4)

It’s now time to talk about homomorphisms. Definition. Let R, S be rings. A function f : R → S is a ring homomorphism if it satisfies the following: f(1R) = 1S; f(x+y) = f(x) + f(y) for all x, y in … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Casual Introduction to Group Theory (6)

Homomorphisms [ This post roughly corresponds to Chapter VI of the old blog. ] For sets, one considers functions f : S → T between them. For groups, one would like to consider only actions which respect the group operation. Definition.  Let G and … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment