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Tag Archives: homomorphism
Commutative Algebra 13
Zariski Topology for Rings In this article, we generalize earlier results in algebraic geometry to apply to general rings. Recall that points on an affine variety V correspond to maximal ideals . For general rings, we have to switch to … Continue reading
Posted in Advanced Algebra
Tagged homomorphism, maximal ideals, prime ideals, rings, spectrum, topology, zariski topology
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Commutative Algebra 10
Algebras Over a Ring Let A be any ring; we would like to look at Amodules with a compatible ring structure. Definition. An –algebra is an module , together with a multiplication operator such that becomes a commutative ring (with 1); multiplication … Continue reading
Posted in Advanced Algebra
Tagged algebras, generated submodules, homomorphism, modules, quotient modules, rings, submodules
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Commutative Algebra 8
Generated Submodule Since the intersection of an arbitrary family of submodules of M is a submodule, we have the concept of a submodule generated by a subset. Definition. Given any subset , let denote the set of all submodules of M containing … Continue reading
Posted in Advanced Algebra
Tagged free modules, generated submodules, homomorphism, modules, quotient modules, rings, submodules
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Elementary Module Theory (III): Approaching Linear Algebra
The Hom Group Continuing from the previous installation, here’s another way of writing the universal properties for direct sums and products. Let Hom(M, N) be the set of all module homomorphisms M → N; then: (*) for any Rmodule N. In the case where there’re finitely … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged cokernels, direct products, direct sums, homomorphism, isomorphism theorems, kernels, linear algebra, modules, submodules, vector space
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Elementary Module Theory (II)
Having defined submodules, let’s proceed to quotient modules. Unlike the case of groups and rings, any submodule can give a quotient module without any additional condition imposed. Definition. Let N be a submodule of M. By definition, it’s an additive … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged cokernels, direct products, direct sums, homomorphism, isomorphism theorems, kernels, modules, submodules
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Introduction to Ring Theory (4)
It’s now time to talk about homomorphisms. Definition. Let R, S be rings. A function f : R → S is a ring homomorphism if it satisfies the following: f(1R) = 1S; f(x+y) = f(x) + f(y) for all x, y in … Continue reading
Casual Introduction to Group Theory (6)
Homomorphisms [ This post roughly corresponds to Chapter VI of the old blog. ] For sets, one considers functions f : S → T between them. For groups, one would like to consider only actions which respect the group operation. Definition. Let G and … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, factor through, group theory, homomorphism, isomorphism theorems, normal subgroups, universal properties
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