# Tag Archives: ideals

## Commutative Algebra 35

Noetherian Modules Through this article, A is a fixed ring. For the first two sections, all modules are over A. Recall that a submodule of a finitely generated module is not finitely generated in general. This will not happen if we constrain … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 22

Localization Recall that given an integral domain, there is a canonical way to construct the “smallest field containing it”, its field of fractions. Here, we will generalize this construction to arbitrary rings. We let A be a fixed ring throughout. Definition. … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 7

Modules Having dipped our toes into algebraic geometry, we are back in commutative algebra. Next we would like to introduce “linear algebra” over a ring A. Most of the proofs should pose no difficulty to the reader so we will … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 6

Injective and Surjective Maps Proposition 1. Let be a morphism of closed sets, with corresponding . is injective if and only if is dense. is surjective if and only if is an embedding of V as a closed subspace of … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 5

Morphisms in Algebraic Geometry Next we study the “nice” functions between closed subspaces of . Definition. Suppose and are closed subsets. A morphism is a function which can be expressed as: for some polynomials . We also say f is a regular … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 4

More Concepts in Algebraic Geometry As before, k denotes an algebraically closed field. Recall that we have a bijection between radical ideals of and closed subsets of . The bijection reverses the inclusion so if and only if . Not too … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 3

Algebraic Geometry Concepts We have decided to introduce, at this early point, some basics of algebraic geometry in order to motivate the later concepts. In summary, algebraic geometry studies solutions to polynomial equations over a field. First we consider a … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 2

Radical of an Ideal In this installation, we will study more on ideals of a ring A. Definition. If is an ideal, its radical is defined by To fix ideas, again consider the case again. For the ideal (m) where , … Continue reading