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Tag Archives: connected spaces
Topology: More on Algebra and Topology
We’ve arrived at the domain where topology meets algebra. Thus we have to proceed carefully to ensure that the topology of our algebraic constructions are wellbehaved. Let’s look at topological groups again. Our first task is to show that the … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged algebra, connected spaces, groups, isomorphism theorems, open maps, orthogonal groups, quotient topology, rings, topology
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Topology: Locally Connected and Locally PathConnected Spaces
Locally Connected Spaces Recall that each topological space X is the settheoretic disjoint union of its connected components, but in general (e.g. for X=Q) fails to be the topological disjoint union. The problem is that the connected components in general aren’t open … Continue reading
Topology: PathConnected Spaces
A related notion of connectedness is this: Definition. A path on a topological space X is a continuous map The path is said to connect x and y in X if f(0)=x and f(1)=y. X is said to be pathconnected if any two points … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, connected components, connected spaces, pathconnected components, pathconnected spaces, topology
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Topology: Connected Spaces
Let X be a topological space. Recall that if U is a clopen (i.e. open and closed) subset of X, then X is the topological disjoint union of U and X–U. Hence, if we assume X cannot be decomposed any further, there’re no nontrivial clopen subsets of X. … Continue reading
Topology: Disjoint Unions
Disjoint Unions Let X and Y be topological spaces and be a settheoretic disjoint union. We wish to define a topology on Z in a most natural way. Definition. The topology on is defined to be: It’s almost trivial to check that this … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, bases, connected spaces, disjoint union topology, metrisable topology, product topology, subbases, topology
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