# Monthly Archives: September 2012

## Intermediate Group Theory (0)

Let’s take stock of what we know about group theory so far in the first series. We defined a group, which is a set endowed with a binary operation satisfying 3 properties. For each group, we considered subsets which could … Continue reading

## Casual Introduction to Group Theory (6)

Homomorphisms [ This post roughly corresponds to Chapter VI of the old blog. ] For sets, one considers functions f : S → T between them. For groups, one would like to consider only actions which respect the group operation. Definition.  Let G and … Continue reading

## Casual Introduction to Group Theory (5)

Normal Subgroups and Group Quotients [ This corresponds to approximately chapter V of the old blog. ] We’ve already seen that if H ≤ G is a subgroup, then G is a disjoint union of (left) cosets of H in G. We’d like to use the set … Continue reading

## Casual Introduction to Group Theory (4)

Cosets and Lagrange’s Theorem [ This post approximately corresponds to chapter IV from the old group theory blog. ] The main theorem in this post is Lagrange’s theorem: if H ≤ G is a subgroup then |H| divides |G|. But first, let’s consider … Continue reading

## Casual Introduction to Group Theory (3)

Subgroups [ This article approximately corresponds to chapter III of the group theory blog. ] Let G be a group under operation *. If H is a subset of G, we wish to turn H into a group by inheriting the operation from G. Clearly, … Continue reading

## Casual Introduction to Group Theory (2)

Axioms of Group Theory [ This article approximately corresponds to chapter II of the earlier group theory blog. ] Group theory happens because mathematicians noticed that instead of looking at individual symmetries of an object, it’s far better to take … Continue reading