# Tag Archives: universal properties

## Commutative Algebra 50

Adjoint Functors Adjoint functors are a general construct often used for describing universal properties (among other things). Take two categories and . Definition. Covariant functors and are said to be adjoint if we have isomorphisms which are natural in A and … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 49

Morphism of Diagrams Throughout this article denotes a category and J is an index category. Definition Given diagrams , a morphism is a natural transformation . Thus we have the category of all diagrams in of type J, which we … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 28

Tensor Products In this article (and the next few), we will discuss tensor products of modules over a ring. Here is a motivating example of tensor products. Example If and are real vector spaces, then is the vector space with … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 24

Quotient vs Localization Taking the quotient and localization are two sides of the same coin when we look at . Quotient removes the “small” prime ideals in – it only keeps the prime ideals containing . Localization removes the “large” … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 22

Localization Recall that given an integral domain, there is a canonical way to construct the “smallest field containing it”, its field of fractions. Here, we will generalize this construction to arbitrary rings. We let A be a fixed ring throughout. Definition. … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 9

Direct Sums and Direct Products Recall that for a ring A, a sequence of A-modules gives the A-module where the operations are defined component-wise. In this article, we will generalize the construction to an infinite collection of modules. Throughout this article, let denote … Continue reading

## Polynomials and Representations XXXVII

Notations and Recollections For a partition , one takes its Young diagram comprising of boxes. A filling is given by a function for some positive integer m. When m=d, we will require the filling to be bijective, i.e. T contains {1,…,d} and each element occurs exactly … Continue reading

## Tensor Product and Linear Algebra

Tensor products can be rather intimidating for first-timers, so we’ll start with the simplest case: that of vector spaces over a field K. Suppose V and W are finite-dimensional vector spaces over K, with bases and respectively. Then the tensor product is the vector … Continue reading