Tag Archives: continuity

Topology: Hausdorff Spaces and Dense Subsets

Hausdorff Spaces Recall that we’d like a condition on a topological space X such that if a sequence converges, its limit is unique. A sufficient condition is given by the following: Definition. A topological space X is said to be Hausdorff if … Continue reading

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Topology: Nets and Points of Accumulation

Recall that a sequence in a topological space X converges to a in X if the function f : N* → X which takes is continuous at . Unrolling the definition, it means that for any open subset U of X containing a, the set contains (N, ∞] for some N. In … Continue reading

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Topology: Limits and Convergence

Following what we did for real analysis, we have the following definition of limits. Definition of Limits. Let X, Y be topological spaces and . If  f : X-{a} → Y is a function, then we write if the function: is … Continue reading

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Topology: Continuous Maps

Continuity in Metric Spaces Following the case of real analysis, let’s define continuous functions via the usual ε-δ definition. Definition. Let (X, d) and (Y, d’) be two metric spaces. A function f : X → Y is said to be … Continue reading

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Basic Analysis: Closed Subsets and Uniform Continuity

Let’s consider another question: suppose f : D → R is continuous, where D is a subset of R. If (xn) is a sequence in D converging to some real L, is it true that (f(xn)) is also convergent? Now if L is in D, then we know that (f(xn)) → (f(L)). … Continue reading

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Basic Analysis: Uniform Convergence

Once again, let be a subset. Suppose we now have a sequence of functions , where n = 1, 2, 3, … , such that for each x in D, the sequence converges to some real value. We’ll denote this value by f(x), thus … Continue reading

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Basic Analysis: Limits and Continuity (3)

Let’s consider multivariate functions where . To that end, we need the Euclidean distance function on Rn. If x = (x1, x2, …, xn) is in Rn, we define: Note that |x| = 0 if and only if x is the zero vector 0. Now we are ready … Continue reading

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