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Tag Archives: limits
Topology: Nets and Points of Accumulation
Recall that a sequence in a topological space X converges to a in X if the function f : N* → X which takes is continuous at . Unrolling the definition, it means that for any open subset U of X containing a, the set contains (N, ∞] for some N. In … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, closed subsets, continuity, convergence, limits, metric spaces, nets, points of accumulation, sequences, topology
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Topology: Limits and Convergence
Following what we did for real analysis, we have the following definition of limits. Definition of Limits. Let X, Y be topological spaces and . If f : X{a} → Y is a function, then we write if the function: is … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, continuity, convergence, extended reals, Hausdorff, limits, sequences, topology
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Basic Analysis: Limits and Continuity (3)
Let’s consider multivariate functions where . To that end, we need the Euclidean distance function on Rn. If x = (x1, x2, …, xn) is in Rn, we define: Note that x = 0 if and only if x is the zero vector 0. Now we are ready … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, analysis, continuity, limits, multivariate, open balls, open subsets, topology
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Basic Analysis: Limits and Continuity (2)
Previously, we defined continuous limits and proved some basic properties. Here, we’ll try to port over more results from the case of limits of sequences. Monotone Convergence Theorem. If f(x) is increasing on the open interval (c, a) and has … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, analysis, continuity, limits, monotone convergence theorem, points of accumulation, squeeze theorem
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Basic Analysis: Limits and Continuity (1)
[ This is a continuation of the series on Basic Analysis: Sequence Convergence. ] In this article, we’ll describe rigourously what it means to say things like . First, we define a punctured neighbourhood of a real number a to be … Continue reading
Basic Analysis: Sequence Convergence (3)
So far, we’ve been considering the case where a sequence converges to a real number L. It’s also possible for a sequence to approach +∞ or ∞. The infinity symbol “∞” should be thought of as a convenient symbol instead of … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged analysis, convergence, limit inferior, limit superior, limits, monotone convergence theorem, sequences, squeeze theorem
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