Tag Archives: convergence

Topology: Nets and Points of Accumulation

Recall that a sequence in a topological space X converges to a in X if the function f : N* → X which takes is continuous at . Unrolling the definition, it means that for any open subset U of X containing a, the set contains (N, ∞] for some N. In … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Topology: Limits and Convergence

Following what we did for real analysis, we have the following definition of limits. Definition of Limits. Let X, Y be topological spaces and . If  f : X-{a} → Y is a function, then we write if the function: is … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Basic Analysis: Uniform Convergence

Once again, let be a subset. Suppose we now have a sequence of functions , where n = 1, 2, 3, … , such that for each x in D, the sequence converges to some real value. We’ll denote this value by f(x), thus … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Basic Analysis: Sequence Convergence (4)

In this article, we’ll consider the convergence of an infinite sum: . We call this sum an infinite series. Let be the partial sums of the series. Definition. We say that is L (resp. ∞, -∞) if the partial sums converge to … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Basic Analysis: Sequence Convergence (3)

So far, we’ve been considering the case where a sequence converges to a real number L. It’s also possible for a sequence to approach +∞ or -∞. The infinity symbol “∞” should be thought of as a convenient symbol instead of … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Basic Analysis: Sequence Convergence (2)

Monotone Convergence We start with a useful theorem. Monotone Convergence Theorem (MCT). A sequence is monotonically increasing (or just increasing) if for all n. Now the theorem says: an increasing sequence with an upper bound is convergent. Proof. Let L = sup{a1, a2, … }, … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Basic Analysis: Sequence Convergence (1)

Much of analysis deals with the study of R, the set of real numbers. It provides a rigourous foundation of concepts which we usually take for granted, e.g. continuity, differentiation, sequence convergence etc. One should have a mental picture of the … Continue reading

Posted in Notes | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment