# Tag Archives: semisimple rings

## Polynomials and Representations XXXV

Schur-Weyl Duality Throughout the article, we denote for convenience. So far we have seen: the Frobenius map gives a correspondence between symmetric polynomials in  of degree d and representations of ; there is a correspondence between symmetric polynomials in and polynomial … Continue reading

## Modular Representation Theory (IV)

Continuing our discussion of modular representation theory, we will now discuss block theory. Previously, we saw that in any ring R, there is at most one way to write where is a set of orthogonal and centrally primitive idempotents. If such an … Continue reading

## Modular Representation Theory (I)

Let K be a field and G a finite group. We know that when char(K) does not divide |G|, the group algebra K[G] is semisimple. Conversely we have: Proposition. If char(K) divides |G|, then K[G] is not semisimple. Proof Let , a two-sided … Continue reading

## Projective Modules and Artinian Rings

Projective Modules Recall that Hom(M, -) is left-exact: for any module M and exact , we get an exact sequence Definition. A module M is projective if Hom(M, -) is exact, i.e. if for any surjective N→N”, the resulting HomR(M, N) → HomR(M, N”) is … Continue reading

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Recall that the radical of the base ring R is called its Jacobson radical and denoted by J(R); this is a two-sided ideal of R. Earlier, we had proven that a ring R is semisimple if and only if it is artinian and J(R) = … Continue reading

As mentioned in the previous article, we will now describe the “bad elements” in a ring R which stops it from being semisimple. Consider the following ring: Since R is finite-dimensional over the reals, it is both artinian and noetherian. However, R is not … Continue reading

## Noetherian and Artinian Rings and Modules

We saw the case of the semisimple ring R, which is a (direct) sum of its simple left ideals. Such a ring turned out to be nothing more than a finite product of matrix algebras. One asks if there is a … Continue reading

## The Group Algebra (III)

As alluded to at the end of the previous article, we shall consider the case where K is algebraically closed, i.e. every polynomial with coefficients in K factors as a product of linear polynomials. E.g. K = C is a common choice. Having assumed … Continue reading