# Tag Archives: modules

## Commutative Algebra 58

We have already seen two forms of unique factorization. In a UFD, every non-zero element is a unique product of irreducible (also prime) elements. In a Dedekind domain, every non-zero ideal is a unique product of maximal ideals. Here, we … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 35

Noetherian Modules Through this article, A is a fixed ring. For the first two sections, all modules are over A. Recall that a submodule of a finitely generated module is not finitely generated in general. This will not happen if we constrain … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 28

Tensor Products In this article (and the next few), we will discuss tensor products of modules over a ring. Here is a motivating example of tensor products. Example If and are real vector spaces, then is the vector space with … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 21

Exact Sequences When studying homomorphisms of modules over a fixed ring, we often encounter sequences like this: where each is a homomorphism of modules. This sequence may terminate (on either end) or it may continue indefinitely. Note on indices: usually … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 10

Algebras Over a Ring Let A be any ring; we would like to look at A-modules with a compatible ring structure. Definition. An –algebra is an -module , together with a multiplication operator such that becomes a commutative ring (with 1); multiplication … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 9

Direct Sums and Direct Products Recall that for a ring A, a sequence of A-modules gives the A-module where the operations are defined component-wise. In this article, we will generalize the construction to an infinite collection of modules. Throughout this article, let denote … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 8

Generated Submodule Since the intersection of an arbitrary family of submodules of M is a submodule, we have the concept of a submodule generated by a subset. Definition. Given any subset , let denote the set of all submodules of M containing … Continue reading

## Commutative Algebra 7

Modules Having dipped our toes into algebraic geometry, we are back in commutative algebra. Next we would like to introduce “linear algebra” over a ring A. Most of the proofs should pose no difficulty to the reader so we will … Continue reading