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Tag Archives: projective modules
Commutative Algebra 35
Noetherian Modules Through this article, A is a fixed ring. For the first two sections, all modules are over A. Recall that a submodule of a finitely generated module is not finitely generated in general. This will not happen if we constrain … Continue reading
Posted in Advanced Algebra
Tagged flat modules, hilbert basis theorem, ideals, modules, noetherian, projective modules
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Commutative Algebra 34
Nakayama’s Lemma The following is a short statement which has farreaching applications. Since its main applications are for local rings, we will state the result in this context. Throughout this section, is a fixed local ring. Theorem (Nakayama’s Lemma). Let … Continue reading
Commutative Algebra 33
Snake Lemma Let us introduce a useful tool for computing kernels and cokernels in a complicated diagram of modules. Although it is only marginally useful for now, it will become a major tool in homological algebra. Snake Lemma. Suppose we … Continue reading
Commutative Algebra 31
Flat Modules Recall from proposition 3 here: for an Amodule M, is a rightexact functor. Definition. We say M is flat over A (or Aflat) if is an exact functor, equivalently, if A flat Aalgebra is an Aalgebra which is flat as … Continue reading
Commutative Algebra 27
Free Modules All modules are over a fixed ring A. We already mentioned finite free modules earlier. Here we will consider general free modules. Definition. Let be any set. The free Amodule on I is a direct sum of copies of … Continue reading
Posted in Advanced Algebra
Tagged exact functors, free modules, leftexact, localization, projective modules, splitting lemma
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Modular Representation Theory (III)
Let’s work out some explicit examples of modular characters. First, we have a summary of the main results. Let be the modular characters of the simple k[G]modules; they form a basis of Let be those of the projective indecomposable k[G]modules; they form a basis … Continue reading
Modular Representation Theory (II)
We continue our discussion of modular representations; recall that all modules are finitelygenerated even if we do not explicitly say so. First, we introduce a new notation: for each projective finitelygenerated k[G]module P, we have a unique projective finitelygenerated R[G]module denoted for which … Continue reading
Modular Representation Theory (I)
Let K be a field and G a finite group. We know that when char(K) does not divide G, the group algebra K[G] is semisimple. Conversely we have: Proposition. If char(K) divides G, then K[G] is not semisimple. Proof Let , a twosided … Continue reading
Projective Modules and the Grothendieck Group
This is a continuation of the previous article. Throughout this article, R is an artinian ring (and hence noetherian) and all modules are finitelygenerated. Let K(R) be the Grothendieck group of all finitelygenerated Rmodules; K(R) is the free abelian group generated by [M] for simple … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged artinian, composition series, grothendieck group, projective modules
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Projective Modules and Artinian Rings
Projective Modules Recall that Hom(M, ) is leftexact: for any module M and exact , we get an exact sequence Definition. A module M is projective if Hom(M, ) is exact, i.e. if for any surjective N→N”, the resulting HomR(M, N) → HomR(M, N”) is … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged artinian, free modules, leftexact, projective modules, semisimple rings, splitting lemma
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