Tag Archives: jacobson radical

Commutative Algebra 56

Throughout this article, A denotes a noetherian ring and is a fixed ideal. All A-modules are finitely generated. Consequences of Artin-Rees Lemma Suppose we have an exact sequence of finitely generated A-modules Let M be given the 𝔞-adic filtration; the induced filtration on … Continue reading

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Commutative Algebra 14

Basic Open Sets For , let , an open subset of Spec A. Note that . Proposition 1. The collection of over all forms a basis for the topology of . Proof Let be an open subset of Spec A. Suppose … Continue reading

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Jacabson Radical

Recall that the radical of the base ring R is called its Jacobson radical and denoted by J(R); this is a two-sided ideal of R. Earlier, we had proven that a ring R is semisimple if and only if it is artinian and J(R) = … Continue reading

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Radical of Module

As mentioned in the previous article, we will now describe the “bad elements” in a ring R which stops it from being semisimple. Consider the following ring: Since R is finite-dimensional over the reals, it is both artinian and noetherian. However, R is not … Continue reading

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