Tag Archives: submodules

Commutative Algebra 10

Algebras Over a Ring Let A be any ring; we would like to look at A-modules with a compatible ring structure. Definition. An –algebra is an -module , together with a multiplication operator such that becomes a commutative ring (with 1); multiplication … Continue reading

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Commutative Algebra 8

Generated Submodule Since the intersection of an arbitrary family of submodules of M is a submodule, we have the concept of a submodule generated by a subset. Definition. Given any subset , let denote the set of all submodules of M containing … Continue reading

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Commutative Algebra 7

Modules Having dipped our toes into algebraic geometry, we are back in commutative algebra. Next we would like to introduce “linear algebra” over a ring A. Most of the proofs should pose no difficulty to the reader so we will … Continue reading

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Elementary Module Theory (III): Approaching Linear Algebra

The Hom Group Continuing from the previous installation, here’s another way of writing the universal properties for direct sums and products. Let Hom(M, N) be the set of all module homomorphisms M → N; then: (*) for any R-module N. In the case where there’re finitely … Continue reading

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Elementary Module Theory (II)

Having defined submodules, let’s proceed to quotient modules. Unlike the case of groups and rings, any submodule can give a quotient module without any additional condition imposed. Definition. Let N be a submodule of M. By definition, it’s an additive … Continue reading

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Elementary Module Theory (I)

Modules can be likened to “vector spaces for rings”. To be specific, we shall see later that a vector space is precisely a module over a field (or in some cases, a division ring). This set of notes assumes the … Continue reading

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