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Tag Archives: number theory
Primality Tests III
SolovayStrassen Test This is an enhancement of the Euler test. Be forewarned that it is in fact weaker than the RabinMiller test so it may not be of much practical interest. Nevertheless, it’s included here for completeness. Recall that to … Continue reading
Posted in Uncategorized
Tagged cryptography, elementary, jacobi symbol, legendre symbol, number theory, primality tests, primes, programming
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Primality Tests II
In this article, we discuss some ways of improving the basic Fermat test. Recall that for Fermat test, to test if n is prime, one picks a base a < n and checks if We also saw that this method would utterly fail … Continue reading
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Tagged carmichael numbers, cryptography, elementary, number theory, primality tests, primes, pseudoprimes
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Primality Tests I
Description of Problem The main problem we wish to discuss is as follows. Question. Given n, how do we determine if it is prime? Prime numbers have opened up huge avenues in theoretical research – the renowned Riemann Hypothesis, for … Continue reading
Posted in Uncategorized
Tagged carmichael numbers, cryptography, elementary, number theory, primality tests, primes, pseudoprimes
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Casual Introduction to Group Theory (3)
Subgroups [ This article approximately corresponds to chapter III of the group theory blog. ] Let G be a group under operation *. If H is a subset of G, we wish to turn H into a group by inheriting the operation from G. Clearly, … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged cyclic groups, generated groups, group theory applications, groups, intermediate, number theory, subgroups
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Modular Arithmetic Deluxe Edition
[ Background required: standard modular arithmetic. ] Consider the following two problems: Problem 1. Prove that if p > 2 is prime, then when is expressed in lowest terms , m must be a multiple of p. Problem 2. Prove that if … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged basic, congruence, modular arithmetic, notes, number theory, rational numbers
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Thoughts on a Problem II
The following problem caught my eye: (USAMO 1997 Q3) Prove that for any integer n, there is a unique polynomial Q(X) whose coefficients all lie in the set {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} and Q(2) … Continue reading
Sample Problem Solving + Homework Hints
In this post, I’ll talk about basic number theory again. But I’ll still assume you already know modular arithmetic. 🙂 In the first part, there’ll be some sample solutions for number theoretic problems, some of which were already presented in … Continue reading