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Tag Archives: notes
Modular Arithmetic Deluxe Edition
[ Background required: standard modular arithmetic. ] Consider the following two problems: Problem 1. Prove that if p > 2 is prime, then when is expressed in lowest terms , m must be a multiple of p. Problem 2. Prove that if … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged basic, congruence, modular arithmetic, notes, number theory, rational numbers
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Linear Algebra: Inner Products
[ Background required: basic knowledge of linear algebra, e.g. the previous post. Updated on 6 Dec 2011: added graphs in Application 2, courtesy of wolframalpha.] Those of you who already know inner products may roll your eyes at this point, … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, extra, fourier transform, inner product, intermediate, linear algebra, notes, sums
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Estimating Sums Via Integration
Background required : calculus, specifically integration By representing a sum as an area, it is often possible to estimate its size by approximating it with the area underneath a curve. For example, suppose we wish to compute the sum . … Continue reading
Matrices and Linear Algebra
Background recommended : coordinate geometry Here I thought I’d give an outline of linear algebra and matrices starting from a more axiomatic viewpoint, instead of merely giving rules of computation – the way it’s usually taught in school. The materials … Continue reading
Sample Problem Solving + Homework Hints
In this post, I’ll talk about basic number theory again. But I’ll still assume you already know modular arithmetic. 🙂 In the first part, there’ll be some sample solutions for number theoretic problems, some of which were already presented in … Continue reading