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Tag Archives: gaussian integers
Commutative Algebra 16
Gcd and Lcm We assume A is an integral domain throughout this article. If A is a UFD, we can define the gcd (greatest common divisor) and lcm (lowest common multiple) of two elements as follows. For , we can write the … Continue reading
Topics in Commutative Rings: Unique Factorisation (3)
Example 1: The Gaussian Integers Z[i] Let’s pick the norm function N : Z[i]{0} → N where N(a+bi) = (a+bi)(a–bi) = a2+b2. We know that N is a multiplicative function, i.e. N(r)N(s) = N(rs). Instead of checking this by brute force, we write N(x) = x·xc, where (a+bi)c = abi is the conjugate of a+bi. It’s easy to … Continue reading
Introduction to Ring Theory (3)
Ideals and Ring Quotients Suppose I is a subgroup of (R, +). Since + is abelian, I is automatically a normal subgroup and we get the group quotient (R/I, +). One asks when we can define the product operation on R/I. To be specific, each … Continue reading
Posted in Notes
Tagged advanced, gaussian integers, generated ideals, ideals, principal ideals, ring quotients, ring theory
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